“Hollywood could invent no drama that tantamount to the history of the hope diamond. It represents a fantastic mix of breathtaking beauty, mythical curse, untold wealth, outstanding characters and innovative scientific knowledge”, so the appearance to the Diamond by David Royle of the Smithsonian channel is described. A fascinating gem, is actually on the hope diamond has a colourful past. Get on a journey through the different centuries, in which diamond a very changeable fate befell the hope and find more about the exciting optical appearance of the famous gem.
The hope diamond and his high-profile owner
There is a general consensus that such the place of origin of the diamonds in the Indian Golconda is presumably lies in the Kollur mines, mine. According to a legendary tradition, the hope is to have made first the eye of an Indian God statue diamond. Because he was stolen by thieves, he is to with a curse since tainted and plunge all of his owners in the disaster – as far as the legend.
As a secured, that the hope diamond with the travelling around the world gemstone dealer Jean-Baptiste Tavernier came to France and sold as about 115-karätiger stone in existence during the 1660s to none other than King Ludwig XIV.. At the French Royal Court, the hope diamond was named diamant bleu de la couronne de France (Blue Diamond of the Crown of France), short French Blue. On behalf of the Sun King, the hope diamond was honed by the Court jeweller, Sieur Pitau to a 67,5-karätigen drop shape and served in a golden version as a jewel for a chain to ceremonies listed by the King.
Result was the hope diamond in the possession of the Royal successor Louis XV., 1749 together with other precious stones in an elaborate pendant for the order of the Golden Fleece insert him left.
After his death, his grandson, King Louis XVI inherited the hope diamond; some traditions that it was often held by his wife Marie Antoinette. In the tumult of the French Revolution, thieves stole a large part of the French Crown jewels, including the hope diamond. What happened next with the impressive gem, is in the dark, in his former shape of hope never again found diamond.
Today, some historians assume that the gem of Le Havre was brought to London and to cut in two pieces. The fact is that in the year 1812 in the English capital a 45.5-Carat Blue Diamond surfaced, which was in the possession of the merchant Daniel Eliason. It is this striking that this almost exactly 20 years after the theft of the hope was diamonds and therefore the limitation period of the crime had just expired. A long time passed doubts whether this diamond cushion is in fact has emerged from the French Blue , however this could be dispelled by scientific research.
So far is unclear about whether the hope diamond in the possession of the British King George IV. concluded. However, it is certain that he was acquired by the London banker Thomas Hope for a substantial sum, which the gemstone received its current name. The diamond was in the possession of members of the hope family until the end of the 19th century, when Lord Francis Hope had to sell it to pay its debts.
The hope diamond changed subsequently very often its owner. in 1901, he was acquired by the London jewel merchant Adolph Weil and shortly afterwards by Simon Frankel. After several other owners, such as inter alia the Turkish Sultan Abdul Hamid, his current owner Pierre resets the gemstone in the year 1910 Cartier to its present form. Here the hope is surrounded diamond in a holder made of Platinum 16 diamonds, which are alternating in the drop cut and old European brilliant cut made.
So he sold the diamond in 1911 for an estimated 300,000 dollars to the couple of Evalyn Walsh McLean and Edward Beale McLean – the latter found his death in 1912 at the sinking of the Titanic. The hope diamond was indeed not aboard the ship, Titanic in 1997 but served as a source of inspiration for the heart of the ocean diamond necklace from the feature film.
1947 succeeded the New York diamond merchant Harry Winston, together with the entire jewelry of the deceased Evalyn Walsh McLean, to buy the hope diamond. From him, the hope was diamond, which he provided to increase the brilliance with an additional facet to the underside, shown at numerous exhibitions and finally in 1958 bequeathed to the Smithsonian National Museum of natural history.
There is the hope Diamond since public accessible, briefly but also on several occasions – for example, in the Louvre or in the edge of the Easter show in the South African capital of Johannesburg – showed. From 2009 to 2010, the hope was issued diamond unmounted and 2010 temporarily integrated into a new piece of jewelry.
According to the Smithsonian Museum, the value of the famous diamond is immense, since it is a gemstone that knows no equal. The insurance sum amounts to imposing $ 250 million.
The hope diamond and its dramatic visual effects
What makes purely scientifically seen the hope diamond something exceptional is its intense blue colour in combination with a distinct red phosphorescence. In its size, there are no other diamonds, in which the blue hue is similarly pronounced – it goes so far that the hope even blueish acts diamond in tungsten.
The GIA (Gemological Institute of America) the color of hope was diamonds as fancy dark grayish blue defined. You concluded by boron atoms in the Crystal structure, which are available for only about 0.1% of all naturally occurring diamonds.
Under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, diamond is a brilliant red glow up to watch that continues some time after the light source has been switched off again at the hope. Therefore, this optical phenomenon (phosphorescence) has the name glow-in-the-dark effect receive. This property of diamond fueled the rumors that the gem of a curse is charged additionally. The Red afterglow is however typical of Blue diamond and represents something like the individual fingerprint of such gem – artificial diamonds in this color does not have the phosphorescence.
Another characteristic of blue diamonds, and so also of the hope diamond are its White Strukturmerkale.
Recent advances in the study of the hope diamond
In 2007 one was made important discovery for the history of the hope Diamond: in the collection of the National Museum of natural history in Paris, they found a lead impression of the French blue. With his help, it became possible to make a digital reconstruction of the original diamond. Since then is almost perfect certainty that it is diamonds on hope to cut French Blue .
It also evaluated the drawings from an edition of Taverniers voyages (travel) and produced extensive documentation to the hope diamond. A replica of the French Blue was made from zirconium, which was used in the restored order of the Golden Fleece of Louis XIV., one of the most expensive pieces of jewelry.
It’s almost ironic that a gem is intended to be tainted by a curse, is named hope diamond. But no matter what everything is said to him – is certain that the fascination exerted the hope diamond, continues today and that he is an exceptional and beautiful gemstone.
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